The Senepol is a two breed composite that was developed on the island of St. Croix, the southernmost and largest of the Virgin Islands.
In the 1800s N’Dama Cattle were imported to the Caribbean Island of St. Croix from Senegal, West Africa. The St. Croix island environment encompasses both wet tropics with high humidity and rainfall and hot, dry savanna areas. Tropical parasites and cattle tick are abundant and the native vegetation is low in quality. The N’Dama, a Bos Taurus breed native to Senegal, was well suited for the Caribbean because of its heat tolerance, insect and disease resistance, and its ability to thrive on poor quality forage.
By 1889 Henry C. Nelthropp’s Grenard Estates was one of the largest N’Dama breeders, with over 250 head of cattle, which he maintained as purebreds.
After attempts to import higher producing cattle from temperate regions had failed, the cattle having broken down quickly from heat and nutritional stress, Nelthropp’s son, Bromley, had a vision to develop a breed of cattle that would flourish in their tropical environment and combine the traits needed for superior levels of production. Continue reading…