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Standard of Excellence | Senepol SA

Standard of Excellence

GENERAL SUMMARY:
A Senepol is a medium framed, highly fertile and early maturing Bos Taurus beef animal, red in colour, which is naturally polled and smooth skinned. It has the inherent ability to resist internal and external parasites and to thrive and reproduce unassisted, with the minimum inputs.

    1. DESCRIPTION OF A MATURE SENEPOL BULL OR COW: 
        1. GENERAL APPEARANCE:
          1. Medium frame size and trueness to type, character and masculinity.
          2. Symmetry, carriage, Top- and Underline.
          3. Quality of Skin, Hair and Bone.
            1. There must be uniformity in conformation; the various parts of the body must be in proportion to one another.
            2. The cow must be true to type and show her maternal qualities, being beefy and having good milk indications.
            3. The size must be correct according to age.
            4. The animal must show Character and Quality. A well-boned medium frame is essential.
            5. Top- and Underlines should be good and even.
            6. The bull must show masculinity and move well.
            7. The skin should be fine and soft to the touch, denoting quality.
            8. The colour should preferably be even and in shades of red.
        2. HEAD:
          1. In the case of the bull, it should be decidedly masculine and strong..
          2. The head should be fine, neat and polled.
          3. The forehead must be well dished and deep from frontal bones to jaw.
          4. The eyes should be full and lively, but not prominent.
          5. The nostrils must be set well apart.
          6. The muzzle, which may be black or dark, should be broad with well fitting jaws.
        1. NECK:
          1. The neck should be neatly attached to the shoulders and the head.
          2. It should be clean with not too much loose skin, but with some visible skin folds.
        1. SHOULDERS, WITHERS AND CHEST:
          1. The shoulders should be sloping and well fixed to the body, especially at the withers.
          2. The vertebrae forming the withers must project slightly above the shoulder blades and be level with the rump.
          3. The withers should not be too heavy and should be strong.
          4. The brisket should be deep, wide and be well formed.
          5. The chest should be well rounded and wide between the fore legs.
        1. BACK, LOIN, CROPS AND CHINES:
          1. The back should be level, strong and broad. It must be well fleshed.
          2. The loin should be wide, strong and deeply fleshed.
          3. The junctions of back to loin and loin to rump should be strong.
          4. The crops (i.e. just behind the shoulders) should be well filled and level with the shoulders.
        1. HEART-GIRTH, SPRING OF RIB, BARREL AND DEPTH OF FLANK:
          1. The heart-girth should be deep and well filled.
          2. The ribs must be well sprung.
          3. The barrel should be well rounded and deep.
          4. The flank should be deep and well filled and must form an even underline with the barrel.
        1. HINDQUARTERS, RUMP, HIPS, PINBONES, THURL AND THIGHS:
          1. The rump should be level, square and flat, showing length and breadth.
          2. The hips should be evenly rounded and not prominent.
          3. The pin bones should be set well apart and be well covered.
          4. The thurl must be broad, well set up and well fleshed.
          5. The hindquarters should be long from hip to pinbones and not patchy at the rump ends.
          6. The thighs should be deep and well fleshed.
        1. TAIL SETTING:
          1. The tail-head should be well set in and level with the top line.
          2. The tail should long, broad and tapering finely to a good switch.
          3. The tail switch should preferably extend beyond the hocks
        1. TWIST AND BUTTOCKS:
          1. The animal should be well let down in the twist.
          2. The buttocks should go well down on the second thigh.
          3. The second thigh should be broad and well fleshed on the outside.
        1. LEGS, HOCKS, HOOFS, STANDING AND WALKING:
          1. The legs should be at the four corners of the body well set apart.
          2. The hocks should be strong. Sickle or cow hocked animals show weakness.
          3. Viewed from behind there should be good width between the legs. They should be squarely placed and straight when standing.
          4. The hoofs should be medium sized and deep with toes even and may be black or dark.
          5. The bull and the cow should walk well, with free movement.
        1. MALE ORGANS AND RUDIMENTARY TEATS:
          1. The male organs must be well developed.
          2. The rudimentary teats should be placed well apart, be well forward and well developed.
        1. UDDER AND TEAT PLACEMENT:
          1. The udder should be of medium size, well developed and well attached.
          2. The udder should come well up between the hind legs and run well forward.
          3. The floor of the udder should be flat and even, without being cut up between the quarters, and should be level with the floor of the barrel.
          4. The teats should be of moderate size, set evenly at the four corners of the udder and should hang vertically.
      1. MILK INDICATIONS:
        1. The milk veins should be well developed on the udder, run well forward and enter the body cavity through large milk wells.
        2. The hair on the udder and in the twist should be smooth and silky and not coarse or rough.
        3. In heifers there should be ample skin folds in the twist to make for a good udder and udder tissue should be well developed.

 

    1. DISQUALIFICATIONS:
      1. Any colour other than shades of red in the male (secondary hormonal darkening in the fore- and hindquarter is permissible) and female, excepting white on the udder and in small amounts, behind the navel on the bottom line. White in the switch of either a male or female is permissible. Dark hoofs and muzzles are permissible.
      2. In Category C and SP animals: Horns, slugs, abortive horns (scurs) or any sign of horny substance adhering to the skin over the seat of the horns.
      3. An undershot, overshot or crooked jaw, short or crooked tail or any other deformity.
      4. Straight or sickle hocks, unsound hocks or pastern joints.
      5. X front legs, bandy legs, pigeon toes.
      6. Overgrown and/or misformed hooves and laminitis.
      7. Udder problems resulting in the inability to nurse a calf.
      8. Sheath problems affecting a Bulls reproductive ability.
      9. Devils Grip
      10. Extremes in size, whether excessively large or small
      11. Depending on the time of year, an unreasonably coarse or rough coat.

 

  1. DISCRIMINATIONS:
    1. Any hair colour other than shades of red except in the switch or on the bottom line.
    2. Defective udder hampering the nursing of a calf.
    3. Defective eyes.
    4. An unreasonably uneven or light colour.
    5. In Appendix animals: Horns, slugs, abortive horns (scurs) or any sign of horny substance adhering to the skin over the seat of the horns.
    6. Bulls
      1. Minimum wean index of 90
      2. Minimum ADG index of 90
  2. MINIMUM REPRODUCTIVE STANDARDS:
    1. A heifer must calve before or at the age of 39 months for the first time;
    2. A calving interval may not exceed 730 days
    3. To ensure inherent, natural and continued fertility in the breed, no female may be flushed for embryos before she has produced at least two live calves;
    4. A cow must rear at least two of any three consecutive calves (up to weaning age).
    5. A cow must calve unassisted at least twice out of three consecutive births
  3. MINIMUM GROWTH STANDARDS:
    1. SCROTUM CIRCUMFERENCE PER WEIGHT
      375 to 399 kg – 29 cm
      400 to 449 kg – 30 cm
      450 to 499 kg – 31 cm
      500 to 549 kg – 32 cm
      550 kg plus – 34 cm
    2. WEIGHT PER AGE
      1. FEMALES
        Not applicable as growth is negatively correlated to fertility. Heifers must be in calf prior to inspection.
      2. BULLS
        Minimum weight of 375 kg at time of inspection.
        Further weight per age standards will follow as we will need breeders to weigh at birth, 210 days, 1 year and 18 months over a period of at least 2 to 3 years to get accurate figures for the Senepol.